The Mind/Shift site has an article titled Discovering How to Learn Smarter which discusses a longer Washington Post article about “fine-tuned praise.” They discuss the work of Stanford psychologist Carol Dweck, who has developed Brainology, a program which helps students shift from a fixed mindset to a growth mindset.
When students have a fixed mindset, they believe their intelligence is just fixed—they have a certain amount and that’s that. This mindset makes them afraid to look dumb and curtails their learning. But when students have a growth mindset, they understand that their intelligence can be developed. Instead of worrying about how smart they are, they work hard to learn more and get smarter.